COVID-19 : A Pandemic Over a Century
Novel COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by Coronavirus originated from china at the beginning of 2020. This pandemic has emerged after a century, took many lives. It has entered into 206 countries and territories with major cases of patients most of them have lost their life. Many people are facing a critical condition that they have fewer chances to recover.
According to world meter data on 4 April 2020 1,182,398 cases of coronavirus cases has been registered. There are 874,793 active cases, currently infected, out of which 838,828(95%) are in mild condition and 41,965 (5%) are serious. 308,032 are closed cases out of which 63,924(21%) are deaths and 244,108(79%) are patients recovered or discharged after the fight with this deadly disease.
It is a matter of great concern that U.S.A has 301,147 cases ahead of every country in which 8,173 are total deaths. However, 14,518 are recovered until today. U.S.A, Spain, Italy, Germany France and China are the top six countries with the largest data of infected patients. India stands on 32 positions with total 3082 cases registered cases, 86 total deaths and 229 recovered.
The virus affects the severe acute respiratory system of the human body which require special treatment to recover. This disease is more prone to cardiovascular, cancer, diabetes, and respiratory patients especially to older people.
The mode of transmission of the disease is droplets of saliva and discharge from the nose from one infected person to other. It is usually transferred by coughing, sneezing and handshake of the person carrying its host.
It is a prediction about the origin of coronavirus that it has come from an animal market in Wuhan, China where more than 100 types of animals are sold dead or alive including wild animals. Such a place should maintain hygiene to prevent any infection in the surrounding. So it is believed that bats are a great source of coronavirus but this is also reporting that it does not sell here so whether it has infected first chicken or some other animal.
It is important to be aware of the changes you find in your health to get recover in the early stage. Fever, cough and fatigue are major symptoms of coronavirus patients. Some doctors research also claim that there may be a sudden change in your taste and smell result in stomach pain and bulging eyes. The rise in temperature, tiredness, breathing issue and lethargy are some mild symptoms carry this infection.
You have to conscious as cases are seen where no changes identified but the person is infected. A survey from 55,924 cases in China on 22 February can clear your mind with 87.9% patients were suffering from fever, 67.7% with a dry cough, 33.4% with sputum production and 38.1% with fatigue.
However, cases have been found related to breathing, throat swallowing, body aches, nausea and diarrhoea resulting in a severe situation. It is difficult to take immediate action as the virus shows its effect within 2 to 14 days but it may take 24 days in the incubation period. A report shows that out of 138 people admitted with the case took two weeks to recover whereas some got discharged within 10 days depending on their immunity to fight with virus.
It is a threat to death for older people who are above the age of 60 years. It is not to worry in cases where symptoms vary from mild to moderate which require less medical treatment as the chances of recovery are high.
It is very important to follow prevention measures to stop the transmission of COVID-19.
- Avoid handshake and physical contact with people.
- Cover your mouth while sneezing and coughing.
- Wash your hand regularly and sanitize it after a short duration.
- Don’t travel within the city or outside as it is dangerous to get infected.
- Maintain 1-meter distance while communicating publicly.
- Wear a mask and gloves during outside.
- Stay at home is best if the disease is pandemic to your place.
- Don’t smoke and any activity which weakens lung.
Doctors are researching to find out a vaccine for COVID-19, however, it may take a year to develop a proper cure but China has used a virus genetic method. The disease can be prevented by using precaution method especially wearing a mask.
You should seek medical help if breathing starts hard and fast by calling to NHS111 website. The NHS 111 website has system checker and instructs you to take immediate action and proper medication. If you feel cough and cold in early symptoms of coronavirus then government advice to self isolate yourself for 7 days. Tell your neighbours and family members to provide all the necessary stuff to you. However, if the situation worsens day by day to 14 days then get an early check-up for COVID-19. For a medical emergency dial 999.
A source has revealed that vaccine is developed but it will first apply to health workers at high risk to know its consequence. However, the dose of virus injected to them will less powerful than Coronavirus so that recovery may possible. The infected patients will be isolated for many days until they start to recover. China claims that it is a matter of concern as the virus has two transform strain in which one is aggressive, the other difficult to cure.
Since the cases are increasing day by day every country has followed lockdown to maintain social distancing to reduce the number of patients. On 23 January 2020, China declared lockdown for uncountable days in Wuhan and its neighbour cities. However, it was a brutal step but this termed so effectively which slow down coronavirus cases. Unlikely with an increasing number of cases the USA extended lockdown the only way to fight with coronavirus.
According to NHS, hospitals are maintained with increasing bed and ventilation equipment to accommodate a sick person. COVID-19 kits are provided to every health centre to check the status of patients.